ESIL Interest Group History of International Law

ESIL Interest Group History of International Law

dinsdag 2 november 2021

BOOK: Miroslav ŠEDIVÝ, Si vis pacem, para bellum. The Italian Response to International Insecurity 1830-1848 [International History - Internationale Geschichte; 7] (Wien: ÖAW Verlag, 2021), 346 p. ISBN 978-3-7001-8705-9, € 79

(image source: OEAW)

Book description:
It was not after 1848 but actually before this revolutionary year that Europe witnessed the abusive proceedings perpetrated by the great powers which undermined the functionality of the post-Napoleonic international order. Even worse, their abuse of power in European and overseas affairs provoked a feeling of mistrust, pessimism and fear and led to discussions about the disappearing justice from the world among a considerable number of Europeans. By the 1840s, under the influence of various crises and conflicts members of the educated middle and upper middle classes in particular changed the way they judged and approached issues of international politics, justice, security and nation building. This process was all the more important in Italy since the search for greater security against external threats became the driving force in the spread of the idea to unite her politically from the Alps to Sicily. This unity, along with well defensible frontiers, a strong army and navy and good material resources including colonial ones, was to ensure a more secure position within the system of European politics and thereby better prospects for a peaceful future according to the phrase Si vis pacem, para bellum. However, this power-oriented response to insecurity had devastating consequences for the generally shared desire to live in peace with other nations, represented by another aspiration deeply rooted in the national movement: to establish a better international order. To reveal this important process of pan-European dimension is the principal aim of this book, and the Italian arena of politics in 1830–1848 has been chosen to clarify this sea change in political behaviour.

On the author:

Is professor at the Institute of Historical Sciences at the Faculty of Arts and Philosophy at the University Pardubice.

(source: OEAW, DOI 10.1553/978OEAW87059)

maandag 25 oktober 2021

ARTICLE: Andreas VON ARNAULD, "How to Illegalize Past Injustice: Reinterpreting the Rules of Intertemporality", EJIL XXXII (2021), Nr. 2, 401-432

 

(image source: OUP)

Abstract:

Attempts to legally tackle cases of historical injustice are often confronted with the problem that the events in question were not considered illegal at their time and that, in general, legal rules should not be applied retroactively. The present article suggests a conceptual framework to carefully stretch the dogmas of intertemporal law by introducing, via ethical principles as part of positive law of the time, contemporary contestation of inhumane actions and practices. Even though such contestation might not yet be enough to overturn a widely shared apologetic view among lawyers and states, it is argued that the violation of ethical-legal principles as such should give rise to a duty to give satisfaction under the law of state responsibility. In most cases of historical injustice brought to court, members of victimized groups aim at acknowledgment of their plight and at a reappraisal of the past that includes their experiences. In line with this objective, the present article makes a special case for a state obligation to negotiate with the victims of historical injustice or their descendants.

(read more here: DOI 10.1093/ejil/chab037

vrijdag 22 oktober 2021

BOOK: Cristina BRAVO LOZANO & Antonio ÁLVAREZ-OSSORIO ALVARIÑO (eds.), Los embajadores. Representantes de la soberanía, garantes del equilibrio, 1659-1748 (Madrid: Marcial Pons, Historia, 2021), 472 p., ISBN 9788417945497, € 32,3

 

(image source: Marcial Pons)

Book abstract:

La figura del embajador es considerada una de las más destacadas en la cultura cortesana en la Edad Moderna. Los estudios sobre la diplomacia vienen experimentado un notable dinamismo en las últimas décadas. Trascendiendo su práctica negociadora, el papel ejercido por estos legados se dirigió hacia la representación de la soberanía y los intereses de príncipes, repúblicas e, incluso, corporaciones provinciales, y a la búsqueda del mantenimiento de hegemonías en nombre de un supuesto equilibrio entre potencias. Desde distintas perspectivas, tomando como ámbito de referencia la monarquía de España, esta obra aborda la singularidad de tan polifacético ministro para arrojar luz sobre su protagonismo en la transformación de Europa y su proyección en otros continentes durante la transición de los siglos XVII y XVIII. A lo largo de sus contribuciones se destacarán su «cursus honorum» y la instrumentalización del rango como plataforma de ascenso político y social, los valores, virtudes y obligaciones inherentes en el cargo, las estrategias y desempeño de sus funciones ordinarias en las embajadas y las esferas palatinas —con particular énfasis en la mediación de reinas y damas de la corte—, la contribución de sus gestiones en el restablecimiento de la paz en el marco sucesorio, la dimensión cultural y las vías formales e informales de autorrepresentación.

Table of contents:

Introducción, Cristina Bravo Lozano y Antonio Álvarez-Ossorio Alvariño.-I. EL CURSUS HONORUM DIPLOMÁTICO, ¿PROFESIONALIZACIÓN DEL ETHOS O MEDIO DE ASCENSO POLÍTICO?-Diplomático y publicista: François-Paul de Lisola en la corte de Madrid (1665-1666), Charles-Édouard Levillain.-De conductor de embajadores a privado: Fernando de Valenzuela y las redes diplomáticas en la corte de Mariana de Austria, Antonio Álvarez-Ossorio Alvariño.-Viena-Madrid-Hungría: la mediación de los embajadores en las concesiones de la Orden del Toisón en el siglo XVII , Tibor Martí.-La embajada española del conde de Lobkowicz: de enviado extraordinario a embajador ordinario en la corte de Madrid (1689-1691), Michaela Buriánková.-El embajador de Luis XIV en la corte de Madrid, ¿un ideal del servicio al rey?, Guillaume Hanotin.-Los representantes de la nación francesa en Madrid: diplomacia, comercio y corporaciones nacionales (1709-1721), Carlos Infantes Buil.-II. NEGOCIANDO LA SUCESIÓN, BUSCANDO EL EQUILIBRIO.-Tres perfiles políticos, tres realidades sociales, Lucien Bély.-Un diplomático comprometido y controvertido: Louis-Toussaint de Brancas-Céreste, embajador francés en España (1713 y 1714), según la correspondencia entre Luis XIV y Felipe V, José Manuel de Bernardo Ares.-Embajadores y damas de la corte. La construcción de una red de poder internacional entre Madrid, París y Turín en la transición de finales del Seiscientos, Elena Riva.-El cardenal Francesco Acquaviva d’Aragona, ministro de Felipe V en Roma, Virginia León Sanz.-Un nuevo peso en la balanza: la incorporación de Rusia a la negociación del sistema del equilibrio europeo (1717-1721), Núria Sallés Vilaseca.-Los embajadores de la reina. Isabel de Farnesio y el gobierno de las Dos Sicilias, Pablo Vázquez Gestal.-III. SOBERANOS Y CORPORACIONES. LA DIPLOMACIA PROVINCIAL.-Representación y negociación. Agencias y embajadores provinciales de los parlamentos vascos en el Madrid del Seiscientos, Alberto Angulo Morales.-El reconocimiento político de una nueva institución: los representantes del Brazo Militar de Cataluña en la corte (1660-1714), Eduard Martí-Fraga.-Defender el Stato, promocionar al patriciado. La diplomacia provincial lombarda en las cortes de los Habsburgo durante la guerra de Sucesión (1706-1714), Roberto Quirós Rosado.-IV. RETÓRICA VISUAL Y CULTURA ESCRITA. LA AUTORREPRESENTACIÓN DEL EMBAJADOR BARROCO.-La diplomacia imaginada. Pinturas de negociadores en el siglo XVII, Diana Carrió-Invernizzi.-Retórica visual y persuasión política. La representación del embajador barroco: el caso del obispo Luis Crespí y Borja, Álvaro Pascual Chenel.-La aguda pluma del embajador. Ingenio y cultura política en la correspondencia entre los ministros españoles en Londres y La Haya (1675-1699), Cristina Bravo Lozano.-«Peregrino en su patria, va a peregrinar a las extrañas». La memoria del yo en la embajada del conde de Assumar ante el archiduque Carlos (1705-1713), David Martín Marcos.-Relación de autores. 

(more information here

donderdag 21 oktober 2021

BOOK: Agatha VERDEBOUT, Rewriting Histories of the Use of Force The Narrative of ‘Indifference' [Cambridge Studies in International and Comparative Law; 160] (Cambridge: CUP, 2021), ISBN 9781108937375

 

(image source: CUP)

On the book:

It is commonly taught that the prohibition of the use of force is an achievement of the twentieth century and that beforehand States were free to resort to the arms as they pleased. International law, the story goes, was 'indifferent' to the use of force. 'Reality' as it stems from historical sources, however, appears much more complex. Using tools of history, sociology, anthropology and social psychology, this monograph offers new insights into the history of the prohibition of the use of force in international law. Conducting in-depth analysis of nineteenth century doctrine and State practice, it paves the way for an alternative narrative on the prohibition of force, and seeks to understand the origins of international law's traditional account. In so doing, it also provides a more general reflection on how the discipline writes, rewrites and chooses to remember its own history.

On the author:

Agatha Verdebout holds a PhD in Public International Law from the Université Libre de Bruxelles (ULB). Her main research interests lie in critical histories of international law and the use of force. She is the recipient of several prizes, awards and research grants, notably the 2017 Henri Rolin Prize.

(read more here)

woensdag 20 oktober 2021

ARTICLE: Thomas DAHMS, "Diligent Bureaucrats and the Expulsion of Jews from West Prussia, 1772–1786" (German History XXXIX (2021), No. 3 (Sep), 335-357 (OPEN ACCESS)

 

(image source: Wikimedia Commons)

Abstract:

Historiography has repeatedly highlighted the mitigating influence of the Prussian administration on Frederick the Great’s oppressive policies toward the Jews. Scholars have argued that officials frequently opposed the king’s discriminatory legislation and intentionally delayed its implementation. These actions, they claimed, were influenced by the Enlightenment humanism of the Prussian administrators and their training in natural law theories and mercantilist economics, both taught at German universities at the time. Such descriptions are central in the influential narrative of late eighteenth-century Prussia as a remarkably tolerant state that developed relatively lenient policies towards the Jews. This article challenges the traditional portrayal of the Prussian administration by examining the actions of three officials involved in the expulsion of several thousand Jews from the province of West Prussia between 1772 and 1786. It argues that the remarkably positive assessment of the Prussian bureaucrats and their role in the Jewish policies of the time needs significant revision. First, previous historiography has overstated the extent to which Prussian officials objected to the king’s discriminatory policies. Secondly, occasional instances of resistance from within the administration were mainly motivated by political, economic and demographic objectives or even careerist pursuits that had little to do with the Jewish communities. Lastly, the Prussian administrators did not merely adhere to economic principles or even to ideals of tolerance and humanity. To a significant extent, their actions were also influenced by anti-Jewish sentiment.

Read more here (DOI 10.1093/gerhis/ghab027). 

dinsdag 19 oktober 2021

ELECTIONS: Candidacies expected by 22 OCT

The current Steering Committee of the Interest Group History of International Law needs to be renewed. ESIL Members with an interest in history are invited to submit their candidacies by the end of the current week with the ESIL Secretariat (ESIL.Secretariat at eui dot eu). The ESIL membership will subsequently elect a new Steering Committee.

Since its inception in September 2014 , the ESIL IGHIL has organised multiple Interest Group Events at the ESIL Research Fora and Conferences. The blog posts news and publications on a nearly daily basis. This unique channel of communication reaches hundreds of ESIL members, and probably has not yet reached its full potential. Service on the IGHIL’s Steering Committee is a unique opportunity in the career of early career researchers as well as established academics.

vrijdag 15 oktober 2021

JOURNAL: Jus Gentium. Journal of International Legal History VI (2021), No. 2 (Jul)

 

(image source: Lawbookexchange)

Vol. 6, No. 2 | July 2021

ARTICLES
Theory of the History of International Law: Methodology, Grounds, and Developments
Olga Butkevych

The English Translators and Publishers of Grotius on War and Peace: 1654–1928
W. E. Butler

China and the Unequal Treaties: Localization, Variation, and Response
Zenghua Zhuo

NOTES AND COMMENTS
Ruminations on DNA and the History of International Law
W. E. Butler

Georg von Gretschaninow (1892–1973): Émigré Jurist Stateless at Berlin and Heidelberg. A Concise Bio-Bibliography
P. Macalister-Smith

DOCUMENTS AND OTHER EVIDENCE OF STATE PRACTICE
Royal Naval Instructions Implementing the 1817 Anglo-Spanish Treaty on Illicit Trafficking of Slaves
W. E. Butler

A Brief Calendar of State Practice for Shandong: 1897–1914. Part Four (1914): Into World War
P. Macalister-Smith
J. Schweitzke

FROM THE LITERATURE

(source: lawbookexchange)