ESIL Interest Group History of International Law

ESIL Interest Group History of International Law

dinsdag 16 januari 2018

CONFERENCE: Historical Capitalism and International Law, Sciences Po, Paris,18-19 January 2018

"The conference “Historical Capitalism and International Law” will take place on the 18th and 19th January 2018 at Sciences Po Law School, Paris, as part of CIERA’s programme colloques juniors.

Young scholars will explore the topic, underlining the particularities of capitalism as a social construction embedding several economic, social, political and cultural dimensions, all of which can be further articulated through analysing the legal dimension.

Departing from the material reality of capitalism to analyse its origins, functioning, current challenges and the prospect of its potential future developments, the conference will focus on the nature and evolution of economic and social institutions, their role in the exchanges and movement of peoples, ideas and commodities, as well as the way through which encounters, confrontations and interactions have shaped them in turn.

The Conference will be held in Sciences Po Paris on the 18 and 19 January 2018."

For more details see: http://www.sfdi.org/en/actualites/sciences-po-paris-conference-historical-capitalism-and-international-law/

zondag 14 januari 2018

ARTICLE: James CRAWFORD, The Current Political Discourse Concerning International Law (Modern Law Review LXXXI (2018), no. 1 (January), pp. 1-22)


(image source: Pinterest, man writing)

James Crawford (Judge, International Court of Justice) published "The Current Political Discourse Concerning International Law", which appeared in the Modern Law Review LXXXI (2018), No. 1:

Abstract:
Reading current statements of world leaders on subjects relevant to international law is liable to cause confusion, even distress to those for whom the 1945 regulatory arrangements, as completed in the post-Cold War era, have become the norm. On occasions international law is invoked, but in what seems an increasingly antagonistic way, amounting often to a dialogue of the deaf. At other times it is apparently or even transparently ignored. This touches many of the arrangements governments spent the preceding period seeking to establish. Is there a pattern to all this, and how should we respond? How susceptible is the edifice of international law to such rhetoric? These issues are examined in the context of the law of withdrawal from treaties. Three recent high profile examples are examined: Brexit, South Africa's purported withdrawal from the Rome Statute, and the United States’ announced withdrawal from the Paris Agreement.

Source: International Law Reporter.
More information here.

BOOK: Eirik BJORGE and Cameron A. MILES, (eds.), Landmark cases in Public International Law (Oxford: Hart Publishing, 2017). £120.00. ISBN 9781849467889

(Source: Hart Publishing)

Hart Publishing has published a book last month on some of the landmark cases in international law over the past 200 years:

ABOUT

The past two hundred years have seen the transformation of public international law from a rule-based extrusion of diplomacy into a fully-fledged legal system. Landmark Cases in Public International Law examines decisions that have contributed to the development of international law into an integrated whole, whilst also creating specialised sub-systems that stand alone as units of analysis. The significance of these decisions is not taken for granted, with contributors critically interrogating the cases to determine if their reputation as 'landmarks' is deserved. Emphasis is also placed on seeing each case as a diplomatic artefact, highlighting that international law, while unquestionably a legal system, remains reliant on the practice and consent of states as the prime movers of development.

The cases selected cover a broad range of subject areas including state immunity, human rights, the environment, trade and investment, international organisations, international courts and tribunals, the laws of war, international crimes, and the interface between international and municipal legal systems. A wide array of international and domestic courts are also considered, from the International Court of Justice to the European Court of Human Rights, World Trade Organization Appellate Body, US Supreme Court and other adjudicative bodies. The result is a three-dimensional picture of international law: what it was, what it is, and what it might yet become.

TABLE OF CONTENTS

1. Introduction
Eirik Bjorge and Cameron Miles
2. The Charming Betsy and The Paquete Habana (1804 and 1900)
William S Dodge
3. Mavrommatis Palestine Concessions (Greece v Great Britain) (1924–27)
Michael Waibel
4. Factory at Chorzów (Germany v Poland) (1927–28)
Chester Brown
5. SS Lotus (France v Turkey) (1927)
Douglas Guilfoyle
6. Island of Palmas (Netherlands v United States of America) (1928)
Eirik Bjorge
7. Legal Status of Eastern Greenland (Denmark v Norway) (1933)
Rolf Einar Fife
8. Trail Smelter (United States of America/Canada) (1938 and 1941)
Duncan French
9. Trial Before the International Military Tribunal at Nuremberg (1945–46)
Katherine O'Byrne and Philippe Sands
10. The Early United Nations Advisory Opinions (1948–62)
Thomas D Grant and Rowan Nicholson
11. The South West Africa Cases (1949 to 1971)
James Crawford and Paul Mertenskötter
12. North Sea Continental Shelf (Federal Republic of Germany v Netherlands; Federal Republic of Germany v Denmark) (1969)
Nikiforos Panagis and Antonios Tzanakopoulos
13. Barcelona Traction, Light and Power Company (Belgium v Spain) (1970)
Giorgio Gaja
14. Tyrer v United Kingdom (1978)
Nigel Rodley
15. Military and Paramilitary Activities in and against Nicaragua (Nicaragua v United States of America) (1984 to 1986)
Robert Kolb
16. Tadic v Prosecutor (1995)
Sarah MH Nouwen and Michael A Becker
17. The Nuclear Weapons Advisory Opinions (1996)
Surabhi Ranganathan
18. Gabcíkovo-Nagymaros Project (Hungary/Slovakia) (1997)
Laurence Boisson de Chazournes and Makane Moïse Mbengue
19. Vivendi v Argentina (1997–2010)
Sam Luttrell
20. US-Import Prohibition of Certain Shrimp and Shrimp Products (1998)
Callum Musto and Catherine Redgwell
21. LaGrand (Germany v United States of America) (2001)
Cameron Miles
22. Legal Consequences of the Construction of a Wall in the Occupied Palestinian Territory (2004)
John Dugard
23. Jurisdictional Immunities of the State (Germany v Italy;Greece intervening) (2012)
Omri Sender and Michael Wood


More information on the website of the publisher

(source: ESCLH blog)

vrijdag 12 januari 2018

BOOK: Peter MACALISTER-SMITH & Joachim SCHWIETZKE,Diplomatic Conferences and Congresses. A Bibliographical Compendium of State Practice 1642 to 1919 [Arbeitshefte der Arbeitsgemeinschaft für juristisches Bibliotheks- und Dokumentationswesen 25] (Graz: Neugebauer Verlag), 2017, ISBN 978-3-85376-325-4, €29,58

(image source: Neugebauer Verlag)

Abstract:
A survey of diplomatic conferences and congresses convened worldwide from 1642 to 1919 with extensive references to their published documents. Includes additionally a synopsis of the resulting acts, agreements, conventions, declarations and other instruments adopted by the states participating in each conference or congress.
The meetings of the conferences and congresses are arranged thematically in 111 groups starting at Münster and Osnabrück to prepare the Peace of Westphalia. In total 280 conferences and congresses are recorded. Over one third of the conferences and congresses were held from 1827 to 1919 at London and Paris. Other leading cities in order of diminishing frequency were Brussels, Bern, The Hague, Berlin, Istanbul, Washington and Vienna. The compendium closes with the peace of Brest-Litovsk (1917) and the Inter-Allied Conference of the Powers held in Paris and environs from 1919 to 1920. The Latin American and Pan American congresses are well represented, for example at Buenos Aires, Guatemala, Lima, Managua, Mexico, Montevideo, Panama, Rio de Janeiro, San José, San Salvador, Santiago and Tegucigalpa. Annexes supply further information on the Versailles treaty with Germany and the Covenant of the League of Nations.
On the authors:

Joachim Schwietzke Library Director emeritus at the Max Planck Institute for Comparative Public Law and International Law, Heidelberg, Germany. Peter Macalister-Smith is known internationally as the assistant general editor of the consolidated library edition of the Encyclopedia of Public International Law (1992–2003) and as the principal editor at the Max Planck Institute for Comparative Public Law and International Law, Heidelberg, Germany, of the Journal of the History of International Law (2004–2015). Peter is a member of the editorial board of JUS GENTIUM, Journal of International Legal History, Talbot Publishing, Lawbook Exchange, Clark NJ, United States of America.

Table of contents here.

More information with the publisher.

(source: Legal History Blog)

maandag 8 januari 2018

ESIL CONFERENCE PRE-CONFERENCE CALL: Consumers or Producers of international law? Non-European experiences with the law of nations in comparative perspective (DEADLINE 15 MAR 2018)

(image source: Travelodge)

The path from the European law of nations to a universal system of international law has attracted wide scholarly attention in the past decade. A variety of approaches have challenged the narrative of a European system that simply expands and covers most of the planet in the late 19th century. For example, scholars identifying with the TWAIL movement (Third world approaches to international law) have criticized modern international law as a product of western imperialism and colonialism. Building from this critique, other scholars have begun to ask how non-European conceptions and influences shaped and re-formed the European law of nations on its path towards becoming a global system. How can we read non-European jurists, lawyers, state leaders and peoples as producers, not just consumers, of international law?

Politicians, lawyers and activists from non-European countries are now seen as more than mere vessels through which the tradition of the European law of nations was stamped into new contexts. Rather, scholars now explore the impact of local elites in shaping the way international law was received into their regions. But to what extent were they successful in shaping international law as a whole? We need a stronger analytical framework to explore the broader picture and a more precise understanding of how each region’s or nation’s encounter with international law shaped both their own experience and aspects of the international system. 

The Interest Group for the History of International Law wants to support this emerging interest in contrasting and comparing regional experiences and invites scholars at every stage of their career to share insights on any angle of these developments, without geographic or temporal limitation.

Possible questions include:
  • What were the legacies of those regions and civilisations that had their own systems and traditions of law prior to the imperial encounter with Europe and its law of nations? Are there common patterns in how regional or imperial systems responded to their encounter with European international law, perhaps shaped by shared history, culture or religion, or was each experience specific and unique?
  •  If elements of Roman law or the European feudal order are recognized as precursors to features of modern international law, should extra-European legal systems be looked at in a similar way?
  • Can we detect a difference between international legal doctrine and state practice in analyzing these encounters?
  • What were the roles of specific fields of law, be it the acquisition or transfer of territory, the settlement of international disputes, the norms and expectations regarding the conduct of war and the conclusion of peace agreements, the legal status and experiences of foreign merchants, officials or travelers or the process of entering the emerging universal system of public and secret diplomacy?

Abstracts must be submitted no later than 15 March 2018 to esilighil@gmail.com on behalf of the Steering Committee of the Interest Group, which shall collectively supervise the blind peer-review process of the abstracts. Applicants will be notified on the outcome of the selection process by 30 March 2018.

zaterdag 23 december 2017

JOURNAL: Journal of the History of International Law/Revue d'histoire du droit international XIX (2017), Nr. 4 (ISSN 1388-199X)

(image source: Brill)

Articles
"Alberico Gentili’s De iure belli: An Absolutist’s Attempt to Reconcile the jus gentium and the Reason of State Tradition" (Claire Vergerio)

"The Socio-Historical Case for the Existence of a Nexus Requirement in the Application of Universal Jurisdiction to Maritime Piracy" (Jeffrey T. Tirshfield)

"From the “Closed” to the “Open” Commercial State: A Very Brief History of International Economic Law" (Robert Schütze)

Book Reviews
"The Politics of Justifying Force: The Suez Crisis, The Iraq War and International Law, Using and Justifying Force: The Suez Crisis, The Iraq War and International Law, written by Charlotte Peevers" (Parvathi Menon)

"To Reform the World. International Organizations and the Making of Modern States, written by Guy Fiti Sinclair" (Madeleine Herren)

(More information here)

dinsdag 19 december 2017

CALL FOR PAPERS: AGORA Proposal, ESIL Conference 2018 (Manchester). Deadline 17 JAN 2018


ESIL's Interest Group "History of International Law" invites submissions for an Agora Proposal to be submitted for consideration for the ESIL Conference 2018. For 2018, Manchester has been chosen as venue, around the theme 'International Law and Universality'

Please find our call below:




The Local in the Universal: Social, Women’s, Labour and Radical Histories of International Law

The Interest Group on the History of International Law seeks abstracts for an Agora Proposal to be submitted to the European Society of International Law for its 2018 Conference on ‘International Law and Universality’ to be held 13–15 September 2018 in Manchester.

Theme:
Universality’s flip side is the local and the particular. Locations are inescapable parts of any idea of universality. People are positioned in time, place, class, gender, race, ethnicity, indigeneity, and sexuality. These particulars formed familiar coordinates for locating different peoples within ideas of the universal; at the bottom of hierarchies — subsumed, excluded, ignored, erased. 

The beginning of international legal history’s recent renaissance lay in exploring one assertion of universality — the liberal-democratic progressive narrative — and Europe as its location, and white male jurists as its particular. Later advances began to unpack the imperial, racial and class aspects of international law’s pasts, to understand how that universal spread to many localities. Some of the most recent and exciting historical projects have begun to draw our attention to the everyday, to materiality, objects, and archives beyond the legal, to tell personal, hidden and revealing histories of international law. 

And yet, international legal history has so far been largely resistant to more radical forms of history that spurred so many of the main innovations in twentieth century historiography: social histories, women’s histories, labour histories, and histories of resistance and radicalism. Other themes at the 2018 ESIL Conference invite papers on universality and particularism’s histories at the juridical, conceptual and theoretical levels. This Agora seeks to expand that universe in the direction of something more local, personal and radical — to uncover histories that have been hidden within these longues durées and big trends.

Fitting with and interrogating the theme of universality, we seek papers that look for the local in the universal and the legal, from across the globe and from any period of historical inquiry. We are looking to share the hidden stories, archival gems, and accounts of everyday lives and movements that illuminate and contest the universal in new and powerful ways. It is particularly fitting that we do this in Manchester, a city that was one major birthplace of the industrial revolution, the labour movement, and the suffragette movement.

Issues arising within this theme might include, but are not limited to:

  • The role of women and women’s movements in constructing, challenging and critiquing the ideas of universality in international law.
  • Labour and international law: competing universals of solidarity and capitalism.
  • Race, ethnicity, indigeneity, intersectionality and the stories of challenging, rethinking and repurposing the universal.
  • Rebellions, radicalism and resistance: histories of popular debate, protests and discord over universality in law.
  • Shifting the ‘turn to biography’ in international legal histories: introducing the field to new lives and new, untold stories.
  • The significance of rural areas, cities, communities, migration and labour flows for rethinking law, the international, and the universal.

 Instructions
  • Submit an abstract of no more than 800 words, submitted by email to esilighil@gmail.com by 17 January 2018. No late submissions will be considered.
  • An interest group subcommittee will then blind review the abstracts and finalise the proposed format. The likely format will be a panel of 4 papers, but this may change depending on abstracts received.
  • Selected abstracts will be sent, with the Agora theme, to the ESIL 2018 Conference organisers for their consideration by 31 January 2018.
  • If the proposal is successful, full papers (minimum 3000 words) will need to be submitted by 15 July 2018 for circulation to other Agora participants.
  • We encourage proposals from scholars in any discipline — legal or not — and at any stage of career. Selection will be based on scholarly merit and with regard to producing an engaging workshop, without prejudice to gender, seniority, language or geographical location
  • Please circulate this call to anyone you think may be interested.
  • Please direct any questions to Martin Clark (m.clark1@lse.ac.uk) or Markus Beham (markus.beham@uni-passau.de).